Bella in Aberdeen

penthesileas:

HISTORY MEME - nine royals: mary queen of scots [1/9]

Mary Stuart was born on December 8, 1542 and became Queen of Scots when she was six days old. When she was five years old, she was sent to France, where she spent the next thirteen years of her life. She married the Dauphin of France, and eventually became the Queen of France at age sixteen. Two years later, Mary was widowed and returned to Scotland. She then married her cousin Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, who, like Mary, had a claim to the English throne and with whom Mary had her only child, the future King James VI of Scotland and I of England. The marriage quickly soured, and Darnley was eventually assassinated. Mary then married, or was forced to marry, the Earl of Bothwell, who was believed to be guilty of Darnley’s assassination. Mary abdicated the throne in 1567, was imprisoned, and escaped to England a year later. She had previously claimed Elizabeth’s throne, and indeed was seen as the legitimate sovereign of England by many English Catholics. Elizabeth, fearing that Mary would become the center of plots against her, had Mary placed in protective custody and Mary spent the next eighteen and a half years of her life in custody, until she was found guilty of trying to assassinate Elizabeth. Though Elizabeth was reluctant to sign the death warrant, Mary was executed on February 8, 1587, wearing red, the liturgical color of martyrdom in the Catholic church. (x)

random American stranger overhears my parents Scottish accent

stranger: Omg! Are you British!!?
My mum: Aye.
stranger: Oh what part of England are you from?!
My mum: Get the fuck oot muh face ya shitey wee fuck
the-11-doctor:

thisfuturemd:

brigwife:



Romanticized vs. Realistic

as a member of Scotland I can confirm

the-11-doctor:

thisfuturemd:

brigwife:

image

Romanticized vs. Realistic

as a member of Scotland I can confirm

(Source: british-v0gue)

Dig near Dumfries unearths Roman Army artefacts

archaeologicalnews:

image

Archaeological investigations near Dumfries have unearthed artefacts relating to the Roman Army’s occupation of southern Scotland.

The discoveries include an iron javelin head, the remains of a Roman boot, samian pottery and tile fragments.

They were found at Wellington Bridge near Kirkton during Scottish Water works to lay a new mains in the area.

Simon Brassey, of its environmental engineering team, said the items dated back more than 1,850 years.

"It is fascinating for everyone involved to make this kind of discovery when working on a project such as the laying of new pipes," he added. Read more.

fuckitandmovetobritain:

The Quiraing, Isle Of Skye, Scotland, UK

fuckitandmovetobritain:

The Quiraing, Isle Of Skye, Scotland, UK

katemiddletons:

Happy Saturday. (at Isle of Skye)

katemiddletons:

Happy Saturday. (at Isle of Skye)

katemiddletons:

at Kilt Rock

katemiddletons:

at Kilt Rock

katemiddletons:

Elgin, always a pleasure. (at Elgin Cathedral)

katemiddletons:

Elgin, always a pleasure. (at Elgin Cathedral)

plays

thebritishnobility:

Scotland Votes: What’s at Stake for the UK (2014)

So far the Scottish referendum debate has been almost entirely about Scotland - what is good for it and what is bad for it. But what about the rest of the UK? Whatever the result, the UK as we have known it for the past 300 years is set to change dramatically and may never be the same again.

If you think independence would not make any difference to the other 58 million people on these islands, think again. The reverberations could be felt across the land, from the future of the armed forces and nuclear deterrent to the UK’s place at the international top table, the fate of the union flag and the entire British political landscape.

Andrew Neil explores what an independent Scotland would mean for England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and the huge constitutional changes that may lie ahead whether the vote is yes or no.

thebritishnobility:

September 08, 2014

Ten burning questions if Scotland votes yes

1) Would the Queen remain Queen of Scotland?

The Queen will be Queen of Scotland even after independence, just as she is Queen of Australia or Canada, since the Union of the Crowns of 1603 — when James VI of Scotland also became James I of England — precedes even the Union of the nations of 1707. However, the Scots could, as a sovereign nation, choose to become a republic, inside or outside the Commonwealth.

A third alternative, though less likely, is that they could choose to ignore the ‘Glorious Revolution’ of 1688, which saw King James II of England (who was also James VII of Scotland) deposed in favour of William of Orange.

If they did so, they could invite the man regarded by some as James’s legitimate heir, the ‘Stuart Pretender’, to replace the English Queen. That would mean the present Duke of Bavaria becoming King Francis II of Scotland. However, Duke Franz claims to be perfectly content where he is.

2) Will Mr Cameron and Mr Miliband have to resign?

The Yes vote has risen every time Mr Miliband has set foot in Scotland, and Labour has utterly failed to persuade its huge number of natural supporters there to back the Union, so he could face calls for his resignation.

A Yes vote will make it exceptionally hard for Labour to win a majority at the next election, which will almost certainly need to be postponed until after independence in 2016. Paradoxically, although it will be easier for the Tories to win a Commons majority without Scotland, Mr Cameron will have a place in history as the man who allowed the referendum that broke the Union.

Most Conservatives are visceral Unionists, and many will blame him for recklessness in granting the vote, and then campaigning inadequately to make the case for the Union. There is a growing view among his MPs that he will have to resign if the Union is lost, and he may struggle to convince them otherwise in the turmoil that would follow a Yes vote. 

3) Would Scotland be in the EU — and what about Nato?

The current policy of the European Commission, as set out by its last president, Jose Manuel Barroso, is that an independent Scotland would have to apply to join the EU.

The Scottish government disagrees. Because it believes its membership would be continuous, it denies Scotland would be forced, as new nations are, to join the euro. Who’s right? The current consensus among EU member states is that Barroso was.

Scotland could apply to join Nato, but would need to commit to spending 2 per cent of its GDP annually on defence, reversing the defence cut it has promised to make after independence. Without that commitment, it won’t be let in.

4) What would Scotland’s currency be?

No ONE knows. It won’t officially be sterling, as to allow the Scots to use the English currency without the Treasury in Whitehall having control of Scottish economic policy would incur massive potential liabilities for the English taxpayer if the Scottish economy imploded.

In the way that some Caribbean islands use the U.S. dollar despite being outside America, Scotland could choose to use the pound, but divergence between our two economies could make Scotland another debt-ridden Greece to England’s powerful Germany.

Choosing to use the euro would bring similar problems, and besides Scotland can’t adopt it officially while it is still outside the EU, which may be the case in the first years of independence.

Scotland could set up its own currency, but would have to expect a rapid and possibly steep devaluation, especially if it defaulted on its historic share of UK debt.

5) Would there be a new Hadrian’s Wall-style border?

If Scotland did join the EU, it would be forced to join up to Europe’s Schengen agreement, which effectively abolishes internal borders. That would mean that anyone on the Continent could travel to Scotland unhindered.

The fear is some quarters is that the thousands of economic migrants massing in northern France could simply travel by ferry to Scotland, and then slip over the border into England.

It is such concerns that provoked Ed Miliband to intimate at the weekend that a Yes referendum result could lead to policed border controls and passport checks between England and Scotland.

Scottish citizenship would require the issuing of Scottish passports. England and the rest of the UK could bar Scottish citizens from England, Wales and Northern Ireland until such times as Scotland’s membership of the EU is ratified.

6) What about the Royal Naval submarine base at Faslane?

Part of the post-independence negotiations with Scotland could be for Britain to seek to retain use of Faslane, the deep-water nuclear submarine base.

This may not succeed — Alex Salmond has already expressed an intention to make Faslane the centre of a Scottish navy.  

Furthermore, the Scottish government says nuclear weapons are ‘immoral’, so they may not allow nuclear submarines in their ports.

While the SNP has insisted that the several Scottish regiments in existence would serve the Scottish government and become the responsibility of the Scottish taxpayer, last year a UK government paper said: ‘An independent Scottish state could not simply co-opt existing units that are primarily recruited or based in Scotland, as these are an integral part of the UK Armed Forces.’ It’s presumed that Scottish soldiers now based in England will seek to stay in a new ‘English’ army. The weaponry would have to be divided up by negotiation.

7) Can Scotland survive on North Sea oil revenues?

International law precedents suggest that maritime borders follow land ones.

As the border between Scotland and England runs diagonally from south-west to north-east, the western border would extend south-west into the Solway Firth and the northern one at Berwick north-east into the North Sea.

This would mean that some oil the Scots regard as theirs —because they imagine the border running along a horizontal line of latitude — would in fact be English.

Much ‘Scottish’ oil is in the waters around the Shetlands, and it is far from certain that the Shetlanders — who will vote in the referendum next week — would wish to remain part of an independent Scotland.

As for the economic viability of the oil, a claim was made by the Scottish oil industry last week that £1 trillion of reserves of oil and gas could still be in Scottish waters, enough to last for 100 years.

The claim was repudiated by the head of petroleum engineering at Edinburgh’s Heriot-Watt University, who called the claim ‘clutching at straws’. The UK Office for Budget Responsibility forecasts that oil revenues, which have declined sharply in recent years, will be just £2.9 billion in 2016-17.

8) Would England lose its place on the UN Security Council?

There is no reason why it should. The UK without Scotland will still be a substantial power, with 91.6 per cent of the present population of Britain. It is unlikely that, except to make mischief, any other country in the UN would move to have us lose our place on the Council.

9) What would happen to Britain’s national debt and national assets?

Scotland has 8.4 per cent of the UK population, and therefore it should be expected to pay 8.4 per cent of the national public debt —£111 billion of the current £1.32 trillion debt.

However, the SNP say they won’t honour the debt unless England agrees to a currency union — which seems highly unlikely.

Sensible observers assume that Scotland will have to pay — possibly by raising taxes — for a default will drive up the prices it will have to pay to borrow money on the world markets to levels familiar in southern Mediterranean countries such as Greece and Portugal.

Also, the UK has assets overseas, notably property such as embassies and military bases. If Scotland is expecting a slice of the action on the break-up of the Union — and Alex Salmond has intimated that he is — then it is unlikely a penny will be paid over until the debt is settled.

10) Might there be a dividend for English taxpayers?

The Scots deny being a burden on the English taxpayer, but Scottish government figures for 2012-13 estimated that £65.2 billion was spent that year in Scotland against £47.6 billion raised in revenues.

When that £17.6 billion isn’t being doled out to the Scots, it could be used to give a tax cut to the English — especially since independence would increase the likelihood of an election victory in England by the party most likely to give such a cut, the Tories.

(Source: Daily Mail)